how is peat moss made

Peat moss is used by professionals and consumers to make growing media or to incorporate into a garden or landscape as soil conditioner. "While oil, coal, and natural gas are exported around the world, few outside northern Europe are aware of this energy source. Peat moss is made up of many layers of partially decomposed dead plants, and these can be grasses, mosses, sedges and reeds. Peat moss has become controversial. Sphagnum moss grows most commonly in bogs, which are essentially deep, wet marshes.The moss grows on top of the bog, and peat is produced underneath. Sphagnum peat moss can be difficult to wet and should be moistened prior to mixing in other ingredients. Peat can also be made into paper or used in feltmaking with wool. Peat is the "forgotten fossil fuel. Bogs are a type of wetland with a high acid content. Coarse, sharp, or builder sand, often used in construction, is a primary ingredient in potting media. Just remember that too much peat moss can change the PH of the soil, so garden accordingly. Most of the time, however, peat is a unique material. Like peat moss, sand improves drainage and aeration, but does not improve water-holding capacity. Peat forms in bogs. There are many uses of peat moss, such as improving soil, starting seeds, adding it as an amendment, and more. This is very important, because it preserves the porosity of the fibers that these plants have. Nearly all of the peat moss sold in the United States comes from sphagnum moss bogs in Canada, which some conservationists say are ecosystems that should be protected, not mined. Peat moss is acidic, so adding peat moss will help to increase the acidic level of topsoil. Adding peat moss to the existing topsoil in a growing area will amend the soil and make it a higher quality soil. Peat moss is gathered and carded with wool, and spun into yarn that can be woven or knitted into garments. These qualities make peat moss particularly useful in vegetable gardens, where extremes of dry and wet can negatively impact the growth and production of vegetables. This base is often mixed with other organic materials and other mosses and then blended together and sifted prior to packaging and selling. Peat moss is organic matter that contains decomposed plants--often sphagnum moss. The majority of peat moss mixes are made from a base of decomposed sphagnum moss. Some of the world’s oldest peat bogs have very dense, seemingly endless supplies of the decaying matter, though it is also available in smaller quantities on trees, rocks, and even on top of the soil in some places. Thus, it is not fully decomposed matter. Peat Moss: can be used for terrariums, gardening, and just decoration.If you live in an area that is abundant with it you will not have to grow any, but here in Florida it is really hard to come by. Peat moss is very common in gardening so it is important to understand what it is, how it works and how to use it to make your plants thrive. Peat moss ranges in texture from rough, resembling clumpy dirt, to a medium similar to chopped up tree bark. Actually, the tan-brown peat moss that makes up the field is an accumulation of sphagnum moss plant residues; there is no mineral soil in a peat bog. In certain circumstances, peat can be an early stage in coal formation. I only found one or two places with sparse patches of the moss.

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